Oleh : Yohansli Noya
Referensimaluku.id ,- In the era of knowladege based economy, the engine of economic growth depends heavily on the capitalization of inventions to become innovation products. In this context, a well educated pool of human resource plays a key role in supporting sustainable economic growth. Therefore the education and training system must be able to create human resources that can adapt well to the development of science and technology.
Productive human resources is the driving force of economi growth. To produce a productive workforce, it is deemed to havy high quality education that is relevant with the development needs. In an economy that is shifting towards a knowledge based economy, the role of high level education is very important to create a superior and productive workforce. This superior and productive workforce is expected to have the ability to apply science and technology needed to improve the value added of sustainable economic activity. The high level education consists of academic education programs, vocational education programs, and professional education programs.
The development of academic education programs is aimed at aligning the fields and study programs with the economic development potential in each economic corridor. Academic program must create a network which contributes to the value added chain for each commodity and sectors developed in each economic corridor. University research centers must be developed nationally as an important part of national innovation center. University research centers have to be developed based on the principle of integration, resource, sharing, and utilize information technology optimally.
Vacational education programs are encouraged to produce skilled graduates. Therefore, the development of vocational education programs should correspond with the potential in each economic corridor. In each regency, high level education on the community college level should be developed. The community college development, through the development of diploma course 1, diploma course 2, and diploma course 3 is expected to produce graduates whom can be absorbed directly by the economic activity in the centers of economic growth in every economic corridor. Therefore, the development of community colleges conducted jointly between government, business enterprises, and the university as a manager of a community college. The quality of community college will be controlled by polytecnics that are developed in provincial capital cities. The polytechnics are developed in accordance with the potentials and advantages of each economic corridor. In addition to the development of high level education, human resource development is also carried out with the development of education Vacational School, the development of job training, and development of the certification body.
The ability of a nation to promote sustainable economic growth depends heavily on the ability of the nations to improve innovation. Innovation based on the capitalization of technology research products will make an immediate impact on improving sustainable productivity, which in turn can accelerate the economic growth of a nation. The ability to master science and technology is a basic capital to create innovations that will be useful to develop the economy in order to face global competition.
Information and communication technology (ICT) has been recognized as a mainstay industry of the future, is becoming an important prerequisite for maintaining the sustainability of economic growth. Development of ICT should continue to be accelerated in order to improve the nation’s competitiveness to create knowledge based economy. ICT has been able to provide the range and choice of services that increasingly facilitates various levels of society to gain access yo voice communications, images and data. Currently, expect for Maluku and Papua, all major cities in Java and other main islands have been connected by fiber optic backbone network, meanwhile, the ICT market is growing from year to year. However, to support the acceleration and expansion of economic development, ICT infrastructure development needs to adapt to international trends and available new technologies.
But however human resources and science technology development of information and communication technology industry needs to be supported by build data centers and data recovery center based on in-country potentials and human resources, encourage capacity building in the information and communication technology sector in every layer of society, both in the civil society, government agencies and digital content industries, expend the scope of laboratory testing capabilities so that it can test the technical specitifications of other countries, build and develop the smart and techno parks. (*)